“MUPS” – An exploration of Electronic Literature

MUPS by David “Jhave” Johnston

After clicking on the link to this work, I spent a little bit of time trying to decide if the link was bad because it looked so blank and boring – no color or bits of interest to speak of. I finally was brave enough to click on one of the boxes, which then just led me to another giant diagram of light grey boxes – nothingness. Having no real other option, I picked a box and listened. It was a poem that I am at least vaguely familiar with, being read by a slightly monotone male voice. It was only by holding my cursor over said box that I was able to see these words:

Jackson MACLOW
02
Call-Me-Ishmael
Reading-on-the-Gathes
NYC
1970’s

This of course brought up a million little questions. Why is it MACLOW instead of Maclow? What is with all of the dashes in between phrases? Is Jackson a first or last name? It occurs to me that maybe this is Dewey Decimal listing of some sort, so I move on.

Next I click on Grace MAISA, then Caroline BERGUALL, then Ron SILLIMAN…before it finally occurs to me that I can possibly choose more than one box. I then attempt to make a pattern – a star – and I start the voices off in a round. I listen quietly for a while, noting authors names and trying to pick out individual voices out of the crowd. Then things got a little crazy…I chose about twenty boxes at random and set them all off…just to see. What struck me about this work at that point is that it is an absolutely beautiful, lyrical, musical piece. I had Paul DUTTON’s horrible mouth buzzing ringing in my ears while seventeen other voices spoke to me in different volumes and tones, while two others played old music from the thirties or forties.

Diction and accent informs the work as much as pauses for breath, as much as the choices I made as I explored, as much as the authors choices…

One last thing that I found odd that I still can’t quite pinpoint the reason for is the way some buttons refuse to play again after you have pushed them more than once. They remain light grey, while others turn dark grey, light red, and dark red. So, apparently color is part of this symphony of sound as well.

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The Relevance of Hamlet in the Modern Age

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Not a whit, we defy augury. There is special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it be now, ’tis not to come; if it be not to come, it will be now; if it be not now, yet it will come. The readiness is all. Since no man of aught he leaves knows, what is’t to leave betimes? Let be. (175)

This speech is a defining moment for Hamlet. He is telling Horatio that he is not going to waste time on a bad feeling or omen. It is his duty to fight Laertes, regardless of the outcome. He tells him that no one knows when or how they are going to die, but he is ready if that’s what is meant to happen. Hamlet is essentially entering into a situation in full control of his emotions, which is in stark contrast to his indecision and introspection in the rest of the play. Much is also made of his madness. Is his madness real or an act to disguise his true purpose?

William Shakespeare’s play Hamlet is a classic revenge tragedy that is hard to forget. A king has his wife, crown and his life stolen from him (“murder most foul”) by his brother. His young son Hamlet is the only one who properly mourns him, and who is left to avenge his father’s murder when the conspiracy is revealed to him. In the process of carrying out his revenge, Hamlet loses everything and everyone dear to him and ends up poisoned. Throw in a little bit of madness, (both Hamlet’s and Ophelia’s) a ghost, and a lot of oratory and that rounds out the story. Plot is extremely important in Hamlet, but it is not the most interesting part of the play.

What is really incredible is that Hamlet is still relevant almost five-hundred years after it was written. The story wasn’t even original to Shakespeare, as he rewrote it from a well known Norse legend. Oral tradition is what kept the story alive before Shakespeare, and in truth, it is part of what solidifies this play and makes it stick in our consciousness even today. Before I sat down to read Hamlet, I had never been exposed to it formally and yet I almost magically knew the play’s twists and turns. Of course magic has nothing to do with it. Hamlet has been fed to us since childhood through stories and cartoons (remember Bugs Bunny quoting To Be Or Not To Be?). Popular culture has made Hamlet as familiar to me as Little Red Riding Hood, though it was never one of my childhood bedtime stories.


(The quote starts at 5:59)

I think the most important reason why Hamlet is still relevant is that it has peppered our speech patterns and turn of phrase. Some of the quotes that are most familiar include:

  • “For the apparel oft proclaims the man” (the clothes make the man).
  • “Neither a borrower nor a lender be”
  • “This above all, to thine own self be true”

These are just three of the many examples of how Hamlet has influenced our modern society. These are of course taken from Polonius’ speech to Laertes (pg. 75) when he is leaving for France. They were meant as words of caution and guides for life, and they are still used this way today. I would argue that they are some of the most used (and overused) quotes of our time. Did any other quotes stand out to you as strongly?

If after reading Hamlet, the themes still escape you or you find it too dry I would recommend watching the 1996 version starring Kenneth Branagh. It is an incredible portrayal, and shows the play word for word. It really helped me discover meaning in scenes where I found myself lost during the reading. Hamlet’s introspection and brooding become palpable, and his pain can be read in his face instead of just on a page.